Interracial dating hate crimes
Although the southern civil rights movement first hit the national headlines in the 1950s and 1960s, the struggle for racial equality in America had begun long before.
You can also read the detailed description of the methodology and terminology used to create the statistics.The empirical material used to amplify this argument is a study of four major bias incidents in New York City in the period 1987-1992.Subsequent to these incidents, the well-publicized rioting in Los Angeles occurred, a racially-tinged event that caused considerable death and destruction of property.The meanings attached to racial and ethnic identities: are these oppositional identities, immigrant identities, or symbolic identities? The relationship of the group and its component individuals to the state: do they trust the institutions of the state to be fair and honest?Do they see systematic oppression, and the power of the state exercised against them, or do they see the state as an instrument of power to be used by their own group or as a neutral arbiter among groups? The meanings attached to incidents of hate crimes, violence, and intergroup encounters: are they perceived as temporary, accidental and individualized, or as permanent, systematic, and institutionalized?Introduction This paper argues that the historical experiences of groups in the United States significantly shape the various cultural lenses through which people understand inter-ethnic conflict.
Specifically, the mode of incorporation of a people into the social and cultural structure of the United States, along with their subsequent treatment, influences three aspects of that understanding at both the individual and group levels: 1.
Community leaders in Savannah and Atlanta protested the segregation of public transport at the turn of the century, and individual and community acts of resistance to white domination abounded across the state even during the height of lynching and repression.
Atlanta washerwomen, for example, joined together to strike for better pay, and black homes often contained guns to fight off the Ku Klux Klan.
American South was one of the most significant and successful social movements in the modern world.
Black Georgians formed part of this southern movement for full civil rights and the wider national struggle for racial equality.
It explores the little-known fact that most such incidents in New York City during the past five years have involved West Indians as victims.