Dating in yugoslavia
An inverted symmetry emerges from the research we have conducted in each of the two sites.
Living Death Camps names a collaborative project that seeks to investigate the complex material and political issues currently unfolding around these two sites, and to understand the politics of commemoration in which each of them is embroiled.Starting from the acknowledgment that these two former death camps are presently inhabited and used, that they are places upon which the lives of many depend, we argued that it is a necessity for each of these sites to develop a project of commemoration that would remain responsive to the demands of ongoing life.In an attempt to engage with this need and the difficult questions surrounding it, our research turned to some of the methods of contemporary archaeology.Each of these sites has a complex and singular history, which we have undertaken to expose in our research.It is by addressing the specificity of each site that we sought to understand and intervene in the respective transformation of each place into a post-conflict site of commemoration.In 2002, shortly before a planned referendum on independence, Montenegrin leader negotiated an agreement (under the auspices of the EU) with Serb and Yugoslav authorities that called for greater autonomy for Montenegro in a continued loose federation with Serbia named Serbia and Montenegro.
Most governmental powers under the new constitution, ratified in 2003, were reserved to the two republics, though foreign policy, defense, and individual rights fell under federal statutes.
Longstanding Antipathy Though the antipathy between the Eastern Orthodox Serbs and the largely Roman Catholic Croats is older than the Yugoslav state, dating back to the centuries when the former were subjects of the Ottoman Turks and the latter formed part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the contemporary hatreds generally go back to World War II.
In those years, an ultranationalist Croatian party known as the Ustase was set up with the help of Hitler and Mussolini to rule a Greater Croatian puppet state.
In June 2006 this federation was dissolved, as Montenegro achieved its independence.
Serbia, meanwhile, continued as a successor state to the former federation of Serbia and Montenegro. Serbia’s parliament consists of 250 members directly elected by the public.
The three globes shown here were produced by James Wilson, America's first commercial globe maker.